Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Down syndrome, dyscalculia (difficulty with mathematics).
Neurodiversityis a concept that refers to natural differences in the way people's brains work and process information. Just like we have diversity in our physical appearances, talents, and interests, our brains can also be diverse.
Neurodiversity recognizes that people with different neurological conditions, such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and others, have unique strengths and ways of thinking. Think of your teammate, Taylor, who has dyslexia. Taylor may have difficulty reading the playbook, but he can easily visualize and execute complex plays on the field. By recognizing and adapting to Taylor's neurodivergence, your team can benefit from your unique talents.
People who fall into types of neurodivergence are called neurodivergent. The differences may be slight and imperceptible. It doesn't affect them at all as functional individuals in a society.
The word neurodivergent originally referred to people with autism, but over time it has included those who are mentally different from what we consider “neurotypical people”..
It includes a wide spectrum of what were previously considered mental pathologies, disabilities, and deficiencies. We mentioned the word “neurotypical”. Neurotypical is the exact opposite of neurodivergent. It is in connection with autism that the term first caught the public's attention.
And the term came about in light of the struggle of neurodivergent people for greater rights, acceptance, and inclusion, in particular those of autism advocates. It's important to note that being neurotypical doesn't mean someone is “normal” or “better” than someone who isn't. It just means that your brain works in a way that's more common or expected. People who aren't neurotypical, such as those with autism, ADHD, or other neurological differences, have their own unique strengths and challenges.
These are the variants, examples and types of neurodivergence. By pointing out that autism is nothing more than differences on the spectrum between different brain processes and that deficits in communication and other behaviors could be overcome through inclusion, the battle for recognition was finally won. People with autism have several symptoms, including lack of communication, repetitive gestures, and intense concentration, among others. If properly channeled, those traits could be used extensively, in the workplace, for example, and could significantly help society.
Hyperlexia is the incredible ability of children to read at a surprisingly young age. In general, within the category of autism, those with autism tend to sacrifice other skills, such as communication, due to their obsession with letters. But as you age, you can mitigate the symptoms and effects by applying a variety of techniques and the ability to read on your own. Dyspraxia is the difficulty in controlling motor coordination.
Some activities are affected, such as doing sports or activities that require excellent motor coordination, such as cycling, skiing and driving. However, it does not affect intelligence, cognitive ability, and analytical and logical abilities. A person who has dyslexia has difficulty reading, writing, or speaking in the same way as neurotypicals. They have trouble organizing their cards and are confused about it.
However, most of them are known for their creativity. People with dyslexia abound, and their differences don't stop them from having a career or standing out in one. Don't miss out on our comprehensive resources on dyslexia. In the U.S.
In the US, about 5-10% of the population has dyslexia. In Canada, it's around 10-15%, in the UK about 10%, and in Australia, about 10%. The phenomenon has to do with difficulties in understanding mathematical processes and some of the concepts. Whoever has it will have trouble solving fundamental operations such as addition and, as such, may have difficulties with higher mathematics and other deeper mathematical problems.
In the US, about 5-7% of people have dyscalculia. In Canada, it is around 5 to 7%, in the United Kingdom between 3 and 6%, and in Australia, between 5 and 7%. One of the most mysterious types of neurodivergence is when you experience a sensation using other senses. Here you can smell the music and hear the colors.
Hearing a word can also mean savoring it or seeing some shapes. Because it involves the senses, it is instantaneous and causes some discomfort among those who suffer from it. This condition affects a person's hearing and speech, with people having difficulty doing both. It's more common than other types of neurodivergence, but it's treatable and more manageable with educational techniques and methods to increase concentration.
These are problems with the coordination of motor skills. Problems related to balance, rapid movement, and learning other activities related to movement are common problems. Dyspraxia is just one of many DCDs. Unlike other types of neurodivergence, it is entirely environmental, but as such, could be treated by a combination of medication and therapy.
By looking at the types of neurodivergence, we can deduce why it is necessary to destigmatize them and fight for their inclusiveness. Most of them do not impose severe limitations on an individual's ability to develop their potential. Some are gifted and can contribute a lot to society. .